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Articles

24/03/2010 - 11h34

Birding in Brasil - Pantanal and Bonito

 
 

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Divulgation

The extreme diversity of endemic, rare and colourful birds, with their beautiful songs, makes Brasil one of the most important destinations for birders, along with its spetacular natural landscape and good tourism structure.

Birding in Brasil is also an important stimulus to sustainable development, leading to the creation of private nature reserves, lodges and birding tour companies.

Pantanal

Occupying an area of 75.000 km2 the Pantanal of Mato Grosso is a plain that is flooded fora  good part of the year (December to May). The vegetation of the Pantanal (like the fauna) is greatly influenced by the Amazon (to the north), the Cerrado (to the east) and the Atlantic Forest (to the south). The Pantanal has one of thr biggest concentrations of aquatic and marshland birds in the world due to the abundance of nutrients found in the food chain created by the floods.

Among the great number os species of bird, the best-know elements of the Pantanal avifauna are the Jabiru, American Woodstok, Roseate Spoonbill, Neotropical Cormorant, the Herons and the Hyacinth Macaw.

Destinations: Bonito, North Pantanal, South Pantanal.

Cerrado

The vegetation of the Cerrado varies from fairly dense woodland (cerradão) to open grasslands that are sometimes flooded. The soil is poor in nutrients and the climate has two seasons, one very wet, and the other very dry. There are sparsely scattered low trees and bushes, with gnarled branches, thick bark and leathery leaves. Fires, manmade or natural, are common. The birds of the gallery woodlands of central Brasil are strongly influenced by the avifauna of the Atlantic Forest.

Appoximately 12% of the species associated with the Cerrado are endemic. Most of these endemic species are widespread throughout the Cerrado but a few, like Hyacinth Visorbearer, Cipó Canastero, Grey backed Tachuri and Pale - throated Serra Finch are restricted to rocky grasslands in the Espinhaço mountain range.

Destinations: Bonito, Chapada Diamantina, Chapada dos Guimarães, Chapada dos Veadeiros, Emas National Park, Jalapão, Palmas, Serra do Cipó.

Source: Brazilian Bureau of Ecotourism and Abeta

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